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Historia (Santiago)

versión on-line ISSN 0717-7194

Universidad Catolica

PUBLICACIÓN DEL INSTITUTO DE HISTORIA

versión on-line ISSN 0717-7194

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Couyoumdjian, Juan Ricardo

Ricardo Couyoumdjian: “La hora”, 1935-1951. Desarrollo institucional de un diario político

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The rise and decline of La Hora, the daily newspaper founded in 1935 as a mouthpiece of the Radical Party in opposition to the second Alessandri Administration, follows a paralell to the fate of the Party itself. This article traces the role of Pedro Aguirre Cerda in the foundation of the paper, the changes in ownership and administration, and its financial situation. Under the direct administration of the Radical Party leadership after 1947, the company reached a state of collapse before president González Videla requested Germán Picó and Raúl Jaras to take it over. This operation, which gave rise to much adverse comment at the lime, is analysed in detail, together with the circumstances which led to the demise of La Hora and its replacement by a new tabloid, La Tercera.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Gazmuri, Cristián

Cristian Gazmuri: Eduardo Frei Montalva. Niñez y adolescencia

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The childhood of President Eduardo Frei Montalva was tipical of a middle class chilean boy of the early chilean XX century. Very shy, he suffered being a child. Son of an inmigrant, his home was quite poor and he his first years at school were distinguished by a hardship existence. But his intelligence and siquical strengh allowed him to overcome his problems and to become a good and conscientious student, as weel as a natural leader for his companions and friends. By the other hand his early links with the Catholic Church, his many readings, his friendships with teachers, were very important for his future political career, his values and those of his generation. Many details of everyday life in the city of Santiago during the 1920's era revealed by his the remembrance of his boyhood. And to know this period of his life is essential to understand the future statesman.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Kennedy Troya, Alexandra

Circuitos artísticos interregionales de Quito a Chile, siglos XVIII y XIX

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Only recently has Latin American historiography approached the subject of the Spanish American art market, the routes by which the works of art reach their final destinations, i.e. the civil and ecclesiastical institutions and private individuals including artists, and the aesthetic, cultural and economic effects of these contacts and movements. This study, one of the first of its kind, provides a revealing panorama of the relations between the art workshops of Quito, which produced images and paintings, and Chile, a very receptive market for works of art coming from the north.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

León León, Marco Antonio

Marco Antonio León León: Entre el espectáculo y el escarmiento: El presidio ambulante en Chile

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This article studies the institutional and human development of the “Presidio Ambulante”, a form of mobile prisions created at the suggestion of Minister Diego Portales in 1836. After summarising the state of the Chilean prison system from the end of the Colonial Period, the study covers the origins of the “Presidio”, its legal structure, the critical opinions issued at the time, and the disadvantages of guards and convicts living together, which on more than one occasion led to joint plans of escapes and rebellions. The author considers that the “Presidio Ambulante” as a punitive experience is a transition between the outmoded view of punishment as a public spectable and the 19th century ideals of rehabilitation, which materialized in Chile in 1843 with the creation of the Santiago Penitentiary.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Mazzei de Grazia, Leonardo

Leonardo Mazzei de Grazia: Terratenientes de Concepción en el proceso de modernización de la economía regional en el siglo XIX

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This study, part of a bigger research projection entrepreneurial development in the region of Concepción during the 19th century, analyzes the activities of a traditional landlords taking two families as case studies: the Urrejola Vicuurs, and the Urrutia Manzanos. The forefathers had formed part of the economic élite of Concepción at the end the Colonial era. During the 19th century, however, their descendants were overtaken by other entrepeneurs who come to Concepción from abroad or from other parts of Chile, and who reactivates the local economy by developing news activities and modernizing others, while the landlords were relegated to a second place in the economy.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Rinke, Stefan

Stefan Rinke: Las relaciones germano-chilenas, 1918-1933

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Before the First World War, Chile was one of the centers of interest of German informal imperialism in Latin America. In addition, Germany had continuosly gained in importance for the Chilean nitrate industry. What happened to the alleged special relationship between the “Prussians of South America” and the Germans after the defeat of the empire? Based on primary sources from numerous archives this article is the first comprehensive analysis of German-Chilean relations in a crucial period of transition. It is not only a study of the economic and diplomatic spheres but also covers cultural, press, and military relations. Methodologically, it leaves the traditionally state-centered research on foreign policy by using the approach of transnational relations. Hence, it becomes clear that German-Chilean relations were shaped by transnational actors like enterprises, associations of Germans living in Chile, military advisors, etc. They interacted inofficially but influenced official relations between the two countries decisively.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Sagredo Baeza, Rafael

Rafael Sagredo Baeza: Las visitas gubernamentales en Chile, 1788-1861

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This work analizes the tours though Chile made by government officials between 1788 and 1853 and the plans for presidential visits from 1843 to 1861. The purpose of these visits, originally designed to improve administration and provide better goverment, gradually evolved towards over political objectives. These tours can be seen as historical precedents for the trips along the country made by José Manuel Balmaceda as from 1883.

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Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Whipple Morán, Pablo

Encomienda de indios de estancia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVII. Melipilla 1660-1681

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Palabras clave: Encomienda, siglo XVII.

 

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From a detailed study of the working of an encomienda in Central Chile during the second half of the 17th century, it is possible to establish that despite the severely reduced population that affected the indigenous population of the area and the low production in the gold panning areas, some encomenderos were able to continue earning large profits from their repartimientos thanks to the massive movement of indigenous workers to their ranches and their subsequent employment in the most diverse of productive labors. Given these new conditions, the encomienda, rather than disappearing, seems to have evolved toward news models which made it more widespread and more difficult for the authorities to control.

Keywords: Encomienda, 17th century.

 
Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Gazmuri, Cristián

Entrevista: Tulio Halperin, historiador e intelectual

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Entrevista a Tulio Halperin. Tulio Halperin nació en Buenos Aires en 1926. Hijo de un latinista, se formó en un ambiente marcado por la cultura. Finalizado el colegio estudió química, derecho y finalmente historia, su vocación.

Palabras clave: Tulio Halperin, Historiografía argentina.

 

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Keywords: Tulio Halperin, Argentina's historiography.

 
Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Ian Thomson y Dietrich Angerstei: Historia del ferrocarril en Chile.

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Couyoumdjian, Juan Ricardo

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Gabriel Guarda: El Arquitecto de La Moneda. Joaquín Toesca 1752-1799

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Cruz de Amenábar, Isabel

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Simón Collier y William Sater: A history of Chile 1808-1994

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Gazmuri, Cristián

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Rafael Sagredo Baeza: María Villa (a) La Chiquita, N° 4002.

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Gazmuri, Cristián

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Horst Pietschmann (Dir.): Historia latinoamericana en la Universidad de Hamburgo: Una reseña colectiva.

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Hampe Martínez, Theodor

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Mario Garcés: Historia de la comuna de Huechuraba. Memoria y oralidad popular urbana.

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Illanes Oliva, María Angélica

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Asunción Lavrin: Women. Feminista and Social Change in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, 1890-1940

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Perótin-Dumon, Anne

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Joaquín Fermandois H.: Abismo y cimiento: Gustavo Ross y las relaciones entre Chile y Estados Unidos 1932-1938.

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Tagle Domínguez, Matías

Edicion: HISTORIA Nº31, Santiago 1998

Andrés Bello: Selected writings of Andrés Bello

Ver reseña Reseñado por: Serrano, Sol