versión on-line ISSN 0717-7194
The rise and decline of La Hora, the daily newspaper founded in 1935 as a mouthpiece of the Radical Party in opposition to the second Alessandri Administration, follows a paralell to the fate of the Party itself. This article traces the role of Pedro Aguirre Cerda in the foundation of the paper, the changes in ownership and administration, and its financial situation. Under the direct administration of the Radical Party leadership after 1947, the company reached a state of collapse before president González Videla requested Germán Picó and Raúl Jaras to take it over. This operation, which gave rise to much adverse comment at the lime, is analysed in detail, together with the circumstances which led to the demise of La Hora and its replacement by a new tabloid, La Tercera.
Palabras clave: .
The childhood of President Eduardo Frei Montalva was tipical of a middle class chilean boy of the early chilean XX century. Very shy, he suffered being a child. Son of an inmigrant, his home was quite poor and he his first years at school were distinguished by a hardship existence. But his intelligence and siquical strengh allowed him to overcome his problems and to become a good and conscientious student, as weel as a natural leader for his companions and friends. By the other hand his early links with the Catholic Church, his many readings, his friendships with teachers, were very important for his future political career, his values and those of his generation. Many details of everyday life in the city of Santiago during the 1920's era revealed by his the remembrance of his boyhood. And to know this period of his life is essential to understand the future statesman.
Only recently has Latin American historiography approached the subject of the Spanish American art market, the routes by which the works of art reach their final destinations, i.e. the civil and ecclesiastical institutions and private individuals including artists, and the aesthetic, cultural and economic effects of these contacts and movements. This study, one of the first of its kind, provides a revealing panorama of the relations between the art workshops of Quito, which produced images and paintings, and Chile, a very receptive market for works of art coming from the north.
This article studies the institutional and human development of the “Presidio Ambulante”, a form of mobile prisions created at the suggestion of Minister Diego Portales in 1836. After summarising the state of the Chilean prison system from the end of the Colonial Period, the study covers the origins of the “Presidio”, its legal structure, the critical opinions issued at the time, and the disadvantages of guards and convicts living together, which on more than one occasion led to joint plans of escapes and rebellions. The author considers that the “Presidio Ambulante” as a punitive experience is a transition between the outmoded view of punishment as a public spectable and the 19th century ideals of rehabilitation, which materialized in Chile in 1843 with the creation of the Santiago Penitentiary.
This study, part of a bigger research projection entrepreneurial development in the region of Concepción during the 19th century, analyzes the activities of a traditional landlords taking two families as case studies: the Urrejola Vicuurs, and the Urrutia Manzanos. The forefathers had formed part of the economic élite of Concepción at the end the Colonial era. During the 19th century, however, their descendants were overtaken by other entrepeneurs who come to Concepción from abroad or from other parts of Chile, and who reactivates the local economy by developing news activities and modernizing others, while the landlords were relegated to a second place in the economy.
Before the First World War, Chile was one of the centers of interest of German informal imperialism in Latin America. In addition, Germany had continuosly gained in importance for the Chilean nitrate industry. What happened to the alleged special relationship between the “Prussians of South America” and the Germans after the defeat of the empire? Based on primary sources from numerous archives this article is the first comprehensive analysis of German-Chilean relations in a crucial period of transition. It is not only a study of the economic and diplomatic spheres but also covers cultural, press, and military relations. Methodologically, it leaves the traditionally state-centered research on foreign policy by using the approach of transnational relations. Hence, it becomes clear that German-Chilean relations were shaped by transnational actors like enterprises, associations of Germans living in Chile, military advisors, etc. They interacted inofficially but influenced official relations between the two countries decisively.
This work analizes the tours though Chile made by government officials between 1788 and 1853 and the plans for presidential visits from 1843 to 1861. The purpose of these visits, originally designed to improve administration and provide better goverment, gradually evolved towards over political objectives. These tours can be seen as historical precedents for the trips along the country made by José Manuel Balmaceda as from 1883.
Palabras clave: Encomienda, siglo XVII.
From a detailed study of the working of an encomienda in Central Chile during the second half of the 17th century, it is possible to establish that despite the severely reduced population that affected the indigenous population of the area and the low production in the gold panning areas, some encomenderos were able to continue earning large profits from their repartimientos thanks to the massive movement of indigenous workers to their ranches and their subsequent employment in the most diverse of productive labors. Given these new conditions, the encomienda, rather than disappearing, seems to have evolved toward news models which made it more widespread and more difficult for the authorities to control.
Keywords: Encomienda, 17th century.
Entrevista a Tulio Halperin. Tulio Halperin nació en Buenos Aires en 1926. Hijo de un latinista, se formó en un ambiente marcado por la cultura. Finalizado el colegio estudió química, derecho y finalmente historia, su vocación.
Palabras clave: Tulio Halperin, Historiografía argentina.
Keywords: Tulio Halperin, Argentina's historiography.